Jafar Rouhbakhsh Ayni was born in Mashhad. His father was an immigrant from the Kharizm province in Uzbekistan, who had come to Iran after the Bolsheviks' revolution and had relatives with the family of Sadr al-Din Ayni.
He has shown interest in art from the very beginning of his youth, and after obtaining his diploma from the art academy, he entered the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Tehran and studied in the field of decorative painting and interior design at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
He began with miniature painting, a theme that would later feature in his works. He was a student of Hossein Behzad. His acquaintance with the traditional Iranian art and miniature influenced his style profoundly.
In the early 70's, he went to France for three years, where he worked at an art centre, carving, hand-printing, and engraving. Rouhbakhsh returned to Iran when the revolution began and settled in the north of the country. His presence in the beautiful nature of this region made a lasting impression on the spectacular paintings.
In the 1960s, he taught hand printing and painting at the University.
He has held many exhibitions, including ones at the Broujen Gallery, Negar Gallery, Mes Gallery, the Museum of Ancient Iran, the Luterek Gallery and Tehran Gallery, the Grand Paris Gallery, the Book Publishing House and the Museum of Contemporary Art.
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